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WIPO report: China moves up in world’s innovation rankings

更新时间:2014/8/24 21:13:50  浏览次数:1278  来源:中国知识产权报
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WIPO报告显示中国创新综合表现排名提升

  The Global Innovation Index (GII)2014, in its 7th edition this year, has been co-published and released by WIPO, Cornell University, INSEAD recently. For the GII 2014, Switzerland remains the leader for the fourth consecutive year. China mainland has improved its position and reached the 29th.

  According to the GII 2014, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and SwedenFinland and Holland topped this years Global Innovation Index as the most creative economies. China mainland has made its progress by improving 6 places to the 29th. The top 25 economies on the list this year have high-income. China, Brazil and India are leading the head among the middle-income economies. Among low-income countries, the Sub-Saharan African region posted significant regional improvement in the annual rankings. Meanwhile, top performing middle-income economies are closing the gap with high-income economies. Singapore is the leading economy in Asia with its 1st place of the Innovation Input Sub-Index globally. The index lauded China's progress for several times and China’s ranking is now comparable to that of many high-income economies. The progress of China in the rankings is among the most notable in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa), and China seems on track to enter the top 10 in the GII in the next following years.

  According to Francis Gurry, Director General of WIPO, launching the GII reflects the uniqueness of the GII as tool for measuring and improving innovation performance. It recognizes the centrality of innovation for a strong, sustainable and balanced growth path. It recognizes the key role of innovation, global market and IPR system as drivers of economic growth and prosperity.

Over the last seven years, the GII has established itself as a leading reference on innovation. It surveys 143 economies around the world, using 81 indicators and several factors including institutions, human, R&D, facilities, market, knowledge technology and innovation, to gauge both their innovation capabilities and measurable results. (by Zhong He)

 

  日前,世界知识产权组织、美国康奈尔大学、欧洲工商管理学院联合发布了“2014年全球创新指数”报告。报告显示,瑞士在所有国家中排名第一,这也是该国第4次位居榜首。其中,中国内地在创新领域的综合表现则较为突出,排名第29位。

  报告指出,瑞士、英国、瑞典、芬兰、荷兰依次位居“最具创新力经济体”的前5位,美国排名第6位。中国内地的排名提高了6个名次,升至第29位。数据显示,高收入经济体占据了排行榜前25;在中等收入经济体中,中国、巴西、印度是创新领域的领头羊;在低收入经济体中,撒哈拉以南非洲国家具有良好表现和大幅进步。与此同时,中等收入经济体在创新能力方面正在缩小与高收入经济体之间的差距。新加坡是亚洲地区创新的翘楚,且该国在创新方面的投入是全球第一。值得关注的是,报告中多次提到中国的进步,中国在创新领域的综合表现明显超出高收入经济体的平均水平。此外,和其他金砖国家相比,中国的创新能力正在快速提高,未来几年在榜单中的排名有望进入前十位。

  世界知识产权组织总干事弗朗西斯·高锐表示,作为衡量和促进创新表现的工具,全球创新指数具有其独特性。该指数认可创新对于能够创造就业的强劲、可持续、平衡增长道路所发挥的核心作用。促进繁荣既需要依赖创新、创造并关注新的全球市场,也需要依赖强有力的知识产权制度。

  据了解,该指数设有多个参数,包括机构、人力、研究、基础设施、市场、知识、技术和创新,采纳143个经济体的81个不同指标进行年度评估,迄今已持续发布了7年。(钟 合) 

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